PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training

Renate De Groot, Bob Ramakers, Hans Savelberg, Mai Chin A Paw, Amika Singh, Jérôme Gijselaers

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

Abstract

Purpose: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) seem to have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on school performance, but evidence for a causal relationship in vocational education and training (VET) students is lacking. This is surprising, as VET students (±16-20 years) stand to benefit because the prefrontal cortex is developing during this age and is therefore sensitive to PA/SB interventions. Furthermore, students in VET have low activity levels in general, meaning enhanced PA/SB behavior could lead to improvement on cognition and learning. The goal of this project is investigating causal effects of PA/SB interventions on a variety of learning performance measures in VET students. Depending on the kind of intervention and the potential mechanisms underlying acute, short-term, or long-term effects, outcome measures vary from specific effects on cognition, to more general effects on school performance, and vital citizenship/employeeship. Methods: In four closely interlinked studies we investigate the causal effects of ‘sedentary behavior repression interventions’ on cognition, school performance, and 21st century skills in VET students. Study 1 (observational) elucidates habitual, objectively measured PA patterns of VET students and their potential association with cognitive performance, school performance, and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship. Studies 2 and 3 (fundamental) investigate acute interventions in randomized controlled experiments in school settings, controlling for study discipline (physically active versus sedentary disciplines) to determine possible causal effects of PA/SB interventions on cognitive performance and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship and their underlying mechanisms. Study 4 (ecological experiment) is a long-term intervention developed for the VET setting based on results from the first three studies and literature. Cognition is tested by the Stroop Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test, and N-back task. School performance is operationalized as scores on Dutch and mathematics; absenteeism/dropout; and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Vital employeeship/citizenship is measured as collaboration and creativity (GAU, divergent thinking). Where applicable habitual daily activity is measured by accelerometry. Results/Conclusions: Besides scientific output, we deliver tailor-made PA/SB advice and programs for VET students and teachers, taking into account their interests, needs, and possibilities. Furthermore, PHIT2LEARN produces educative materials for students, parents, and teachers.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2017
Eventsixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity - Victoria Conference Centre, Victoria, Canada
Duration: 7 Jun 201710 Jun 2017
Conference number: 16
https://www.venuewest.com/isbnpa_web/

Conference

Conferencesixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Abbreviated titleISBNPA2017
CountryCanada
CityVictoria
Period7/06/1710/06/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Vocational Education
Exercise
Students
Cognition
Learning
Proxy
Accelerometry
Stroop Test
Absenteeism

Keywords

  • PHIT2LEARN
  • Physical activity
  • Executive function
  • Cognitive control
  • Cognition
  • Adolescent
  • Vocational education and training
  • Study performance
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Standing

Cite this

De Groot, R., Ramakers, B., Savelberg, H., Chin A Paw, M., Singh, A., & Gijselaers, J. (2017). PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training. Poster session presented at sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada.
De Groot, Renate ; Ramakers, Bob ; Savelberg, Hans ; Chin A Paw, Mai ; Singh, Amika ; Gijselaers, Jérôme. / PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training. Poster session presented at sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada.
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De Groot, R, Ramakers, B, Savelberg, H, Chin A Paw, M, Singh, A & Gijselaers, J 2017, 'PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training' sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada, 7/06/17 - 10/06/17, .

PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training. / De Groot, Renate; Ramakers, Bob; Savelberg, Hans; Chin A Paw, Mai; Singh, Amika; Gijselaers, Jérôme.

2017. Poster session presented at sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training

AU - De Groot, Renate

AU - Ramakers, Bob

AU - Savelberg, Hans

AU - Chin A Paw, Mai

AU - Singh, Amika

AU - Gijselaers, Jérôme

PY - 2017/6/10

Y1 - 2017/6/10

N2 - Purpose: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) seem to have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on school performance, but evidence for a causal relationship in vocational education and training (VET) students is lacking. This is surprising, as VET students (±16-20 years) stand to benefit because the prefrontal cortex is developing during this age and is therefore sensitive to PA/SB interventions. Furthermore, students in VET have low activity levels in general, meaning enhanced PA/SB behavior could lead to improvement on cognition and learning. The goal of this project is investigating causal effects of PA/SB interventions on a variety of learning performance measures in VET students. Depending on the kind of intervention and the potential mechanisms underlying acute, short-term, or long-term effects, outcome measures vary from specific effects on cognition, to more general effects on school performance, and vital citizenship/employeeship. Methods: In four closely interlinked studies we investigate the causal effects of ‘sedentary behavior repression interventions’ on cognition, school performance, and 21st century skills in VET students. Study 1 (observational) elucidates habitual, objectively measured PA patterns of VET students and their potential association with cognitive performance, school performance, and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship. Studies 2 and 3 (fundamental) investigate acute interventions in randomized controlled experiments in school settings, controlling for study discipline (physically active versus sedentary disciplines) to determine possible causal effects of PA/SB interventions on cognitive performance and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship and their underlying mechanisms. Study 4 (ecological experiment) is a long-term intervention developed for the VET setting based on results from the first three studies and literature. Cognition is tested by the Stroop Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test, and N-back task. School performance is operationalized as scores on Dutch and mathematics; absenteeism/dropout; and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Vital employeeship/citizenship is measured as collaboration and creativity (GAU, divergent thinking). Where applicable habitual daily activity is measured by accelerometry. Results/Conclusions: Besides scientific output, we deliver tailor-made PA/SB advice and programs for VET students and teachers, taking into account their interests, needs, and possibilities. Furthermore, PHIT2LEARN produces educative materials for students, parents, and teachers.

AB - Purpose: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) seem to have respectively beneficial and detrimental effects on school performance, but evidence for a causal relationship in vocational education and training (VET) students is lacking. This is surprising, as VET students (±16-20 years) stand to benefit because the prefrontal cortex is developing during this age and is therefore sensitive to PA/SB interventions. Furthermore, students in VET have low activity levels in general, meaning enhanced PA/SB behavior could lead to improvement on cognition and learning. The goal of this project is investigating causal effects of PA/SB interventions on a variety of learning performance measures in VET students. Depending on the kind of intervention and the potential mechanisms underlying acute, short-term, or long-term effects, outcome measures vary from specific effects on cognition, to more general effects on school performance, and vital citizenship/employeeship. Methods: In four closely interlinked studies we investigate the causal effects of ‘sedentary behavior repression interventions’ on cognition, school performance, and 21st century skills in VET students. Study 1 (observational) elucidates habitual, objectively measured PA patterns of VET students and their potential association with cognitive performance, school performance, and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship. Studies 2 and 3 (fundamental) investigate acute interventions in randomized controlled experiments in school settings, controlling for study discipline (physically active versus sedentary disciplines) to determine possible causal effects of PA/SB interventions on cognitive performance and proxies of vital citizenship and employeeship and their underlying mechanisms. Study 4 (ecological experiment) is a long-term intervention developed for the VET setting based on results from the first three studies and literature. Cognition is tested by the Stroop Test, Symbol Digit Modalities Test, and N-back task. School performance is operationalized as scores on Dutch and mathematics; absenteeism/dropout; and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. Vital employeeship/citizenship is measured as collaboration and creativity (GAU, divergent thinking). Where applicable habitual daily activity is measured by accelerometry. Results/Conclusions: Besides scientific output, we deliver tailor-made PA/SB advice and programs for VET students and teachers, taking into account their interests, needs, and possibilities. Furthermore, PHIT2LEARN produces educative materials for students, parents, and teachers.

KW - PHIT2LEARN

KW - Physical activity

KW - Executive function

KW - Cognitive control

KW - Cognition

KW - Adolescent

KW - Vocational education and training

KW - Study performance

KW - Sedentary behavior

KW - Standing

M3 - Poster

ER -

De Groot R, Ramakers B, Savelberg H, Chin A Paw M, Singh A, Gijselaers J. PHIT2LEARN, PHysical activity InTerventions to enhance LEARNing in vocational education and training. 2017. Poster session presented at sixteenth annual meeting of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Victoria, Canada.