Physical activity and sedentary behavior associated with learning outcomes and cognition in adult distance learners

Jérôme Gijselaers*, Renate De Groot, Paul A. Kirschner

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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    Abstract

    Physical activity and sedentary behavior appear to be related to learning outcomes in children and to cognition across the whole lifespan. Research in adults, concerning physical activity and sedentary behavior and their relationship with learning outcomes, is not apparent. Therefore, we investigated if and how they are related in adults participating in distance education. The study was executed among Open University (NL) students in a cross-sectional survey-research. Opposed to our hypothesis physical activity was a negative predictor for learning outcomes. Possibly, time spent on physical activity in this specific group of students could detract from the time they spent on learning, as it is likely that their spare time is limited. Also, opposed to our hypothesis, sedentary behavior was positively associated with learning outcomes. As spare time is likely to be scarce it could be that time spent learning adds to the time spent sitting, as it is highly likely that most students will study sitting. Thus, possibly resulting in sedentary behavior being a positive predictor for learning outcomes. As expected, physical activity and sedentary behavior appeared to be each independent and separate constructs as they both added uniquely to the regression model. These results ask for more elaboration on the exact effects of physical activity and sedentary behavior on learning in adults.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages19
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 2013
    EventICO National Fall School - Maastricht, Netherlands
    Duration: 7 Nov 20137 Nov 2013

    Workshop

    WorkshopICO National Fall School
    Country/TerritoryNetherlands
    CityMaastricht
    Period7/11/137/11/13

    Keywords

    • ALOUD
    • physical activity
    • learning outcomes
    • study progress
    • distance learners
    • sedentary behavior

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