Physical Impairments Disrupt the Association Between Physical Activity and Loneliness

A Longitudinal Study

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:: This study explores the association between physical activity (PA), loneliness and the presence of physical chronic impairments among single older adults.

METHODS:: A longitudinal study (N = 575; mean age 76 ± 8 years) was conducted. The association between self-reported weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), loneliness and presence of physical impairments was assessed with multilevel analyses at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.

RESULTS:: Improvements in MVPA were associated with decreases in loneliness (B = - 0.09; SE = 0.04; p = 0.020): this association became non-significant when including the presence of physical impairments in the analyses (p = 0.824), which in itself was positively associated with loneliness (B = 0.51; SE = 0.10; p <0.001).

DISCUSSION:: Findings indicate that physical impairments have a larger influence on loneliness than the level of PA. Interventions targeting PA and loneliness should tailor specifically to physical impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2019

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Loneliness
Longitudinal Studies
Multilevel Analysis

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@article{6c58aec6b892417d9ecd116e6218933c,
title = "Physical Impairments Disrupt the Association Between Physical Activity and Loneliness: A Longitudinal Study",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION:: This study explores the association between physical activity (PA), loneliness and the presence of physical chronic impairments among single older adults.METHODS:: A longitudinal study (N = 575; mean age 76 ± 8 years) was conducted. The association between self-reported weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), loneliness and presence of physical impairments was assessed with multilevel analyses at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.RESULTS:: Improvements in MVPA were associated with decreases in loneliness (B = - 0.09; SE = 0.04; p = 0.020): this association became non-significant when including the presence of physical impairments in the analyses (p = 0.824), which in itself was positively associated with loneliness (B = 0.51; SE = 0.10; p <0.001).DISCUSSION:: Findings indicate that physical impairments have a larger influence on loneliness than the level of PA. Interventions targeting PA and loneliness should tailor specifically to physical impairments.",
author = "Boekhout, {Janet M} and Berendsen, {Brenda A J} and Peels, {Denise A} and Bolman, {Catherine A W} and Lilian Lechner",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1123/japa.2018-0325",
language = "English",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Physical Activity",
issn = "1063-8652",
publisher = "HUMAN KINETICS PUBL INC",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Impairments Disrupt the Association Between Physical Activity and Loneliness

T2 - A Longitudinal Study

AU - Boekhout, Janet M

AU - Berendsen, Brenda A J

AU - Peels, Denise A

AU - Bolman, Catherine A W

AU - Lechner, Lilian

PY - 2019/3/12

Y1 - 2019/3/12

N2 - INTRODUCTION:: This study explores the association between physical activity (PA), loneliness and the presence of physical chronic impairments among single older adults.METHODS:: A longitudinal study (N = 575; mean age 76 ± 8 years) was conducted. The association between self-reported weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), loneliness and presence of physical impairments was assessed with multilevel analyses at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.RESULTS:: Improvements in MVPA were associated with decreases in loneliness (B = - 0.09; SE = 0.04; p = 0.020): this association became non-significant when including the presence of physical impairments in the analyses (p = 0.824), which in itself was positively associated with loneliness (B = 0.51; SE = 0.10; p <0.001).DISCUSSION:: Findings indicate that physical impairments have a larger influence on loneliness than the level of PA. Interventions targeting PA and loneliness should tailor specifically to physical impairments.

AB - INTRODUCTION:: This study explores the association between physical activity (PA), loneliness and the presence of physical chronic impairments among single older adults.METHODS:: A longitudinal study (N = 575; mean age 76 ± 8 years) was conducted. The association between self-reported weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), loneliness and presence of physical impairments was assessed with multilevel analyses at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.RESULTS:: Improvements in MVPA were associated with decreases in loneliness (B = - 0.09; SE = 0.04; p = 0.020): this association became non-significant when including the presence of physical impairments in the analyses (p = 0.824), which in itself was positively associated with loneliness (B = 0.51; SE = 0.10; p <0.001).DISCUSSION:: Findings indicate that physical impairments have a larger influence on loneliness than the level of PA. Interventions targeting PA and loneliness should tailor specifically to physical impairments.

U2 - 10.1123/japa.2018-0325

DO - 10.1123/japa.2018-0325

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

JF - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

SN - 1063-8652

ER -