Predicting performance under acute stress: The role of individual characteristics

R. Delahaij, K. Van Dam, Anthony W.K. Gaillard, Joseph Soeters

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    This prospective study examined how differences in coping style, coping self-efficacy, and metacognitive awareness influence coping behavior and performance during a realistic acute stressful exercise in two military samples (n =122 & n = 132). Results showed that coping self-efficacy and coping style affected coping behavior, and that coping behavior in turn affected performance. The findings of a post-hoc analysis suggested that metacognitive awareness had an indirect relationship with coping behavior, through task-focused coping style and coping self-efficacy, instead of the predicted direct relationship. Together, these results indicate that coping style and coping self-efficacy are important predictors of performance under acute stress, and that this effect is mediated by coping behavior.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-66
    Number of pages18
    JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • stress
    • performance
    • coping
    • metacognitive awareness
    • coping self-efficacy


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