This prospective study examined how differences in coping style, coping self-efficacy, and metacognitive awareness influence coping behavior and performance during a realistic acute stressful exercise in two military samples (n =122 & n = 132). Results showed that coping self-efficacy and coping style affected coping behavior, and that coping behavior in turn affected performance. The findings of a post-hoc analysis suggested that metacognitive awareness had an indirect relationship with coping behavior, through task-focused coping style and coping self-efficacy, instead of the predicted direct relationship. Together, these results indicate that coping style and coping self-efficacy are important predictors of performance under acute stress, and that this effect is mediated by coping behavior.
- metacognitive awareness
- coping self-efficacy