Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study focused on lapse shortly after an attempt to quit smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies have mapped real-time situational factors that induce lapses in everyday life. However, the possible role of nonsmoking intention is disregarded in the dynamic context of daily life, whereas intention plays a key role in behavior change and shifts during smoking cessation. This study therefore aimed to capture the influence of intention on lapse, next to the known risk factors of negative affect, low self-efficacy, craving, positive outcome expectations towards smoking (POEs), being around smokers, and stress. It is hypothesized that scores on these factors shift during the day, especially shortly after quitting, which may induce lapse. Based on behavioral explanation models, intention is hypothesized to mediate the influence of the mentioned factors on lapse.METHODS: An EMA study was conducted among 49 self-quitters in the first week of smoking cessation.RESULTS: Generalized Linear Mixed Model regression analyses revealed that low nonsmoking intentions, low self-efficacy, and being around smokers (estimates were, respectively, -0.303, -0.331, and 2.083) predicted lapse. Nonsmoking intention partially mediated the influence of self-efficacy on lapse. Nonsmoking intention was predicted by not being around smokers, high self-efficacy, and low POEs (estimates were, respectively, -0.353, 0.293, and -0.072).CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale EMA study confirms the importance of nonsmoking intention on lapse, next to self-efficacy and being around smokers. It adds insights into the mediating role of intention on the relationship between self-efficacy and lapse, and into the predictors of nonsmoking intention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
Early online date27 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

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Smoking
Self Efficacy
Smoking Cessation
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Linear Models
Regression Analysis

Cite this

@article{a41b3aef77e3492db1937db1b5928e04,
title = "Predicting Smoking Lapses in the First Week of Quitting: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: This study focused on lapse shortly after an attempt to quit smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies have mapped real-time situational factors that induce lapses in everyday life. However, the possible role of nonsmoking intention is disregarded in the dynamic context of daily life, whereas intention plays a key role in behavior change and shifts during smoking cessation. This study therefore aimed to capture the influence of intention on lapse, next to the known risk factors of negative affect, low self-efficacy, craving, positive outcome expectations towards smoking (POEs), being around smokers, and stress. It is hypothesized that scores on these factors shift during the day, especially shortly after quitting, which may induce lapse. Based on behavioral explanation models, intention is hypothesized to mediate the influence of the mentioned factors on lapse.METHODS: An EMA study was conducted among 49 self-quitters in the first week of smoking cessation.RESULTS: Generalized Linear Mixed Model regression analyses revealed that low nonsmoking intentions, low self-efficacy, and being around smokers (estimates were, respectively, -0.303, -0.331, and 2.083) predicted lapse. Nonsmoking intention partially mediated the influence of self-efficacy on lapse. Nonsmoking intention was predicted by not being around smokers, high self-efficacy, and low POEs (estimates were, respectively, -0.353, 0.293, and -0.072).CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale EMA study confirms the importance of nonsmoking intention on lapse, next to self-efficacy and being around smokers. It adds insights into the mediating role of intention on the relationship between self-efficacy and lapse, and into the predictors of nonsmoking intention.",
author = "Catherine Bolman and Peter Verboon and Vivianne Thewissen and Viviane Boonen and Karin Soons and Nele Jacobs",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1097/ADM.0000000000000365",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "65--71",
journal = "Journal of Addiction Medicine",
issn = "1932-0620",
publisher = "LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS",
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}

Predicting Smoking Lapses in the First Week of Quitting : An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study. / Bolman, Catherine; Verboon, Peter; Thewissen, Vivianne; Boonen, Viviane; Soons, Karin; Jacobs, Nele.

In: Journal of Addiction Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 65-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting Smoking Lapses in the First Week of Quitting

T2 - An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study

AU - Bolman, Catherine

AU - Verboon, Peter

AU - Thewissen, Vivianne

AU - Boonen, Viviane

AU - Soons, Karin

AU - Jacobs, Nele

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: This study focused on lapse shortly after an attempt to quit smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies have mapped real-time situational factors that induce lapses in everyday life. However, the possible role of nonsmoking intention is disregarded in the dynamic context of daily life, whereas intention plays a key role in behavior change and shifts during smoking cessation. This study therefore aimed to capture the influence of intention on lapse, next to the known risk factors of negative affect, low self-efficacy, craving, positive outcome expectations towards smoking (POEs), being around smokers, and stress. It is hypothesized that scores on these factors shift during the day, especially shortly after quitting, which may induce lapse. Based on behavioral explanation models, intention is hypothesized to mediate the influence of the mentioned factors on lapse.METHODS: An EMA study was conducted among 49 self-quitters in the first week of smoking cessation.RESULTS: Generalized Linear Mixed Model regression analyses revealed that low nonsmoking intentions, low self-efficacy, and being around smokers (estimates were, respectively, -0.303, -0.331, and 2.083) predicted lapse. Nonsmoking intention partially mediated the influence of self-efficacy on lapse. Nonsmoking intention was predicted by not being around smokers, high self-efficacy, and low POEs (estimates were, respectively, -0.353, 0.293, and -0.072).CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale EMA study confirms the importance of nonsmoking intention on lapse, next to self-efficacy and being around smokers. It adds insights into the mediating role of intention on the relationship between self-efficacy and lapse, and into the predictors of nonsmoking intention.

AB - OBJECTIVES: This study focused on lapse shortly after an attempt to quit smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies have mapped real-time situational factors that induce lapses in everyday life. However, the possible role of nonsmoking intention is disregarded in the dynamic context of daily life, whereas intention plays a key role in behavior change and shifts during smoking cessation. This study therefore aimed to capture the influence of intention on lapse, next to the known risk factors of negative affect, low self-efficacy, craving, positive outcome expectations towards smoking (POEs), being around smokers, and stress. It is hypothesized that scores on these factors shift during the day, especially shortly after quitting, which may induce lapse. Based on behavioral explanation models, intention is hypothesized to mediate the influence of the mentioned factors on lapse.METHODS: An EMA study was conducted among 49 self-quitters in the first week of smoking cessation.RESULTS: Generalized Linear Mixed Model regression analyses revealed that low nonsmoking intentions, low self-efficacy, and being around smokers (estimates were, respectively, -0.303, -0.331, and 2.083) predicted lapse. Nonsmoking intention partially mediated the influence of self-efficacy on lapse. Nonsmoking intention was predicted by not being around smokers, high self-efficacy, and low POEs (estimates were, respectively, -0.353, 0.293, and -0.072).CONCLUSIONS: This small-scale EMA study confirms the importance of nonsmoking intention on lapse, next to self-efficacy and being around smokers. It adds insights into the mediating role of intention on the relationship between self-efficacy and lapse, and into the predictors of nonsmoking intention.

U2 - 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000365

DO - 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000365

M3 - Article

C2 - 29068827

VL - 12

SP - 65

EP - 71

JO - Journal of Addiction Medicine

JF - Journal of Addiction Medicine

SN - 1932-0620

IS - 1

ER -