Professional Vision at the Workplace Illustrated by the Example of Teachers: An Overview of Most Recent Research Methods and Findings

Irene T. Skuballa, Halszka Jarodzka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Expertise is marked by outstanding performance of a person in a specific area or profession. In many professions, the level of expertise is also reflected in his or her professional vision. That is, a person’s ability to detect relevant elements in the environment and interpret them appropriately to guide his or her actions on a task (Goodwin, Am Anthropol 96(3):606–633., 1994). This is in particular true for professions with a high visual component, such as medicine, air traffic control, car driving, or teaching. Eye tracking, a method to objectively measure where a person looked at, for how long, and in which order, is a well-established method to investigate this aspect of expertise. Also, eye movements often reveal information that cannot be accessed consciously by agents and are therefore of high relevance for understanding the development of expertise. Findings from empirical research show that experts’ eye movements are more knowledge-driven whereas novices are more image-driven, that means that novices’ visual attention is more often attracted by salient misbehaviors. This book chapter will highlight applied contributions of eye tracking research to expertise development in the domain of teaching. As research in this specific domain is still scarce, we will transfer findings from other domains into teaching and introduce it as the new promising area where gaze behavior plays a crucial role. Finally, we will discuss the potentials of professional vision and eye tracking for trainings in the acquisition of expertise.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResearch Approaches on Workplace Learning
Subtitle of host publicationInsights from a Growing Field
EditorsChristian Harteis, David Gijbels, Eva Kyndt
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer, Cham
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-89582-2
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-89581-5
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

SeriesProfessional and Practice-based Learning


  • Expertise
  • Eye-tracking
  • Methodology
  • Professional vision
  • Teacher


Dive into the research topics of 'Professional Vision at the Workplace Illustrated by the Example of Teachers: An Overview of Most Recent Research Methods and Findings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this