Reciprocal Relationships between State Gratitude and High- and Low Arousal Positive Affects in Daily Life: A Time-lagged Ecological Assessment Study

L.G.P.J. Jans-Beken*, N.E. Jacobs, M. Janssens, S.C.T. Peeters, J.S.A.M. Reijnders, E.H.S. Lechner, J.J.E. Lataster

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    This study assessed whether state gratitude and high and low-arousal positive affect show reciprocal relationships in daily life, and whether these relationships are dependent of inter-individual differences in positive mental health or psychopathology. 106 participants reported on momentary gratitude and positive affects throughout 7 consecutive days, using the Experience Sampling Method. Multilevel time-lagged regression analyses showed that state gratitude, cheerfulness and satisfaction reciprocally predict one another from one moment to the next. The strength of the prospective relationships between state gratitude(t-1) and both cheerfulness(t) and satisfaction(t) did not vary as a function of inter-individual differences in positive mental health or psychopathology. However, the prospective effects of both cheerfulness(t-1) and satisfaction(t-1) on state gratitude(t) were significantly stronger for individuals with low vs. high levels of psychopathology. In addition, the prospective effect of cheerfulness(t-1) on state gratitude(t) was significantly stronger for those with high vs. low positive mental health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)512-527
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of positive psychology
    Volume14
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2019

    Keywords

    • Ecological Momentary Assessment
    • ESM
    • diary
    • grateful
    • active affect
    • deactive affect
    • psychopathology
    • positive mental health
    • flourishing
    • depression
    • EXPERIENCE SAMPLING METHOD
    • MENTAL-HEALTH CONTINUUM
    • AFFECTIVE REACTIVITY
    • REWARD EXPERIENCE
    • NEGATIVE AFFECT
    • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
    • PROSPECTIVE PREDICTOR
    • MOMENTARY ASSESSMENT
    • DAILY STRESSORS
    • SOCIAL ANXIETY

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