Resilience to affective disorders: A comparative validation of two resilience scales

Ruslan Leontjevas*, Wendie Op de Beek, Johan Lataster, Nele Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Resilience to affective disorders in rehabilitating patients or in individuals with a severe disability is of special research interest. However, there is no gold standard for measuring resilience. We aimed to test the accuracy of the Dutch translation of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRSnl) and of the Resilience Scale (RSnl) in recognizing rehabilitating patients without anxiety and depression, and to determine the reliability and construct validity of both scales.

Methods
A within-subjects longitudinal study with six assessments, each one week apart. Forty residents of a nursing home rehabilitating unit were interviewed to assess resilience (BRSnl and RSnl), optimism and pessimism (LOT-R), depression and anxiety (HADS), positive and negative affect (PANAS), and pain (VAS).

Results
Receiver operating characteristic analyses for recognizing the absence of depression and anxiety (HADS-score≤7) revealed better accuracy (P=0.038) for the BRSnl (AUC=0.84; p<0.0001) than for the RSnl (AUC=0.68; P=0.017). The scales correlated moderately at baseline (rs=0.35; p=0.026), and at four-week follow-up (rs=0.50; p=0.004). The RSnl was positively associated with positive outcomes (optimism and positive affect), and the BRSnl positively with positive outcomes, and negatively with negative outcomes (pessimism, anxiety and negative affect). The RSnl showed a better four-week test–retest reliability (ICC, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.87 to 0.97) than the BRSnl (0.66; 95% CI, 0.29 to.83).

Limitations
Short study duration, a relatively small sample.

Conclusion
The BRSnl showed better performance in detecting people without depression and anxiety than the RSnl, and performed better on construct validity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-268
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume168
Early online date17 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Anxiety/anxiety disorders
  • Assessment/diagnosis
  • depression
  • Rehabilitation
  • Resilience

Cite this