Retrieval-induced forgetting in implicit memory tests: The role of test awareness

G. Camp*, Diane Pecher, Henk Schmidt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Retrieval practice with particular items in memory may result in decreased recall of different, semantically related, items. This retrieval-induced forgetting effect has been demonstrated in studies using explicit memory tests. Anderson and Spellman (1995) have attributed retrieval-induced forgetting to inhibitory mechanisms. This hypothesis predicts similar effects in implicit memory tasks. In our first experiment,using Anderson and Spellman’s original paradigm, retrieval-induced forgetting was found
using an explicit memory test with independent extralist retrieval cues. In our second experiment, using the same materials, retrieval-induced forgetting was also found using an implicit memory test with independent extralist retrieval cues, but only for participants who were aware of the relationship between the study and practice phase on the one hand, and the test phase of the experiment on the other. Thus,
test awareness seems to mediate retrieval-induced forgetting in implicit memory tasks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-494
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin & Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


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