Self-regulated Well-being: A Moderated Mediation Effect of Self-rumination and Social Support

I.C.M. Van Seggelen - Damen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Studies on self-focused emotion-regulation strategies such as self-rumination and selfreflection report both positive and negative effects. It however remains unclear how selfreflection and self-rumination are interdependent, and when they affect well-being. In this study, the mediation effect of self-rumination on the relationships between self-efficacy, self-reflection, and life satisfaction was investigated together with social support as a moderator in this regard. A representative sample of Dutch employees (N = 489) completed a questionnaire package. We used hierarchical multiple regression analysis to test for moderated mediation. Our findings indicate that self-rumination acts as a mediator between self-reflection and life satisfaction. When social support was taken into
account as a moderator, the indirect effects of self-efficacy and self-reflection were stronger and significant in the high social support condition. More knowledge about the factors that induce, influence, and perpetuate self-rumination could lead to timely intervention and effective assistance to enhance psychological well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalPsychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • emotion regulation
  • self-reflection
  • self-rumination
  • social support
  • well-being


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