Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants: Findings from a Population-Based Twin Study

Annelie Klippel, Ulrich Reininghaus, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Jeroen Decoster, Philippe Delespaul, Cathérine Derom, Marc de Hert, Nele Jacobs, Claudia Menne-Lothmann, Bart Rutten, Evert Thiery, Jim van Os, Ruud van Winkel, Inez Myin-Germeys, Marieke Wichers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Adolescents and young adults are highly focused on peer evaluation, but little is known about sources of their differential sensitivity. We examined to what extent sensitivity to peer evaluation is influenced by interacting environmental and genetic factors. A sample of 354 healthy adolescent twin pairs (n = 708) took part in a structured, laboratory task in which they were exposed to peer evaluation. The proportion of the variance in sensitivity to peer evaluation due to genetic and environmental factors was estimated, as was the association with specific a priori environmental risk factors. Differences in sensitivity to peer evaluation between adolescents were explained mainly by non-shared environmental influences. The results on shared environmental influences were not conclusive. No impact of latent genetic factors or gene-environment interactions was found. Adolescents with lower self-rated positions on the social ladder or who reported to have been bullied more severely showed significantly stronger responses to peer evaluation. Not genes, but subjective social status and past experience of being bullied seem to impact sensitivity to peer evaluation. This suggests that altered response to peer evaluation is the outcome of cumulative sensitization to social interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-778
Number of pages13
JournalChild Psychiatry & Human Development
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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Twin Studies
Population
Bullying
Gene-Environment Interaction
Interpersonal Relations
Young Adult

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bullying/prevention & control
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Female
  • Gene-Environment Interaction
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept
  • Social Class
  • Social Environment
  • Twins/genetics
  • Young Adult

Cite this

Klippel, Annelie ; Reininghaus, Ulrich ; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang ; Decoster, Jeroen ; Delespaul, Philippe ; Derom, Cathérine ; de Hert, Marc ; Jacobs, Nele ; Menne-Lothmann, Claudia ; Rutten, Bart ; Thiery, Evert ; van Os, Jim ; van Winkel, Ruud ; Myin-Germeys, Inez ; Wichers, Marieke. / Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants : Findings from a Population-Based Twin Study. In: Child Psychiatry & Human Development. 2018 ; Vol. 49, No. 5. pp. 766-778.
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abstract = "Adolescents and young adults are highly focused on peer evaluation, but little is known about sources of their differential sensitivity. We examined to what extent sensitivity to peer evaluation is influenced by interacting environmental and genetic factors. A sample of 354 healthy adolescent twin pairs (n = 708) took part in a structured, laboratory task in which they were exposed to peer evaluation. The proportion of the variance in sensitivity to peer evaluation due to genetic and environmental factors was estimated, as was the association with specific a priori environmental risk factors. Differences in sensitivity to peer evaluation between adolescents were explained mainly by non-shared environmental influences. The results on shared environmental influences were not conclusive. No impact of latent genetic factors or gene-environment interactions was found. Adolescents with lower self-rated positions on the social ladder or who reported to have been bullied more severely showed significantly stronger responses to peer evaluation. Not genes, but subjective social status and past experience of being bullied seem to impact sensitivity to peer evaluation. This suggests that altered response to peer evaluation is the outcome of cumulative sensitization to social interactions.",
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Klippel, A, Reininghaus, U, Viechtbauer, W, Decoster, J, Delespaul, P, Derom, C, de Hert, M, Jacobs, N, Menne-Lothmann, C, Rutten, B, Thiery, E, van Os, J, van Winkel, R, Myin-Germeys, I & Wichers, M 2018, 'Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants: Findings from a Population-Based Twin Study', Child Psychiatry & Human Development, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 766-778. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-018-0792-x

Sensitivity to Peer Evaluation and Its Genetic and Environmental Determinants : Findings from a Population-Based Twin Study. / Klippel, Annelie; Reininghaus, Ulrich; Viechtbauer, Wolfgang; Decoster, Jeroen; Delespaul, Philippe; Derom, Cathérine; de Hert, Marc; Jacobs, Nele; Menne-Lothmann, Claudia; Rutten, Bart; Thiery, Evert; van Os, Jim; van Winkel, Ruud; Myin-Germeys, Inez; Wichers, Marieke.

In: Child Psychiatry & Human Development, Vol. 49, No. 5, 10.2018, p. 766-778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T2 - Findings from a Population-Based Twin Study

AU - Klippel, Annelie

AU - Reininghaus, Ulrich

AU - Viechtbauer, Wolfgang

AU - Decoster, Jeroen

AU - Delespaul, Philippe

AU - Derom, Cathérine

AU - de Hert, Marc

AU - Jacobs, Nele

AU - Menne-Lothmann, Claudia

AU - Rutten, Bart

AU - Thiery, Evert

AU - van Os, Jim

AU - van Winkel, Ruud

AU - Myin-Germeys, Inez

AU - Wichers, Marieke

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KW - Risk Factors

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KW - Social Class

KW - Social Environment

KW - Twins/genetics

KW - Young Adult

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