Serum S100B: A proxy marker for grey and white matter status in the absence and presence of (increased risk of) psychotic disorder?

Christine van der Leeuw*, Sanne Peeters, Ed Gronenschild, Stijn Michielse, Marcel Verbeek, Paul Menheere, Jim van Os, Machteld Marcelis, Genetic Risk and Outcome of Psychosis (G.R.O.U.P.)

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    S100B is a protein with dose-dependent neurotrophic and neurotoxic effects. Whether S100B in psychotic disorder mirrors pathophysiological mechanisms (which elicit exacerbation of disease) or compensatory action is unclear, as is its validity as a proxy marker for brain status. Insight may be gained by examining associations between serum S100B and indices of grey (cortical thickness (CT)) and white matter (fractional anisotropy (FA)), in relation to the absence or presence of (increased risk of) psychotic disorder. Blood samples and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were acquired in 32 patients with psychotic disorder, 44 non-psychotic siblings of patients with psychotic disorder and 26 controls. Interactions between S100B and group were examined in separate models of CT and FA measures with multilevel regression analyses weighted for number of vertices and voxels (i.e. units of volume) respectively. All analyses were adjusted for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), scan sequence, handedness and highest level of education. Neither CT nor FA was associated with S100B. There were no significant S100B × group interactions (CT: χ2 = 0.044, p = 0.978; FA: χ2 = 3.672, p = 0.159). No evidence was present for S100B as a proxy marker of grey or white matter status. The association between S100B and brain measures was not moderated by psychosis risk.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number0174752
    Number of pages11
    JournalPLOS ONE
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2017


    • BRAIN
    • SYSTEM
    • INJURY
    • MRI


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