Sex differences in emotional and behavioral responses to HIV plus individuals' expression of distress

Arjan E. R. Bos*, Anton J. M. Dijker, Willem Koomen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in journalAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Two studies examined the influence of HIV+ individual's expression of distress on perceivers' emotional and behavioral reactions. In Study 1 ( N = 224), HIV+ individual's expression of distress was experimentally manipulated by means of vignettes. Men and women reacted differently when persons with HIV conveyed distress: women reported stronger feelings of pity, whereas men reported stronger feelings of anger. Study 2 ( N = 136) replicated this study in a realistic experimental setting with additional behavioral measures. Similarly, women reported stronger pro-social behavior than men when confronted with a person with HIV who conveyed distress. Results of the present study shed additional light to the self-presentational dilemma of ill persons. Conveying moderate levels of distress may evoke pro-social responses in women, but not in men.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)493-511
    Number of pages19
    JournalPsychology & Health
    Volume22
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2007
    Event17th Annual Conference of the European-Health-Psychology-Society - Kos, Greece
    Duration: 24 Sep 200327 Sep 2003

    Keywords

    • AIDS
    • HIV
    • emotion
    • stigma
    • distress
    • sex differences
    • AIDS-RELATED STIGMATIZATION
    • ILL PERSONS
    • STIGMA
    • PERSPECTIVE
    • EXPERIENCE
    • DISEASE
    • PEOPLE
    • GENDER
    • MODEL
    • FEAR

    Cite this

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    title = "Sex differences in emotional and behavioral responses to HIV plus individuals' expression of distress",
    abstract = "Two studies examined the influence of HIV+ individual's expression of distress on perceivers' emotional and behavioral reactions. In Study 1 ( N = 224), HIV+ individual's expression of distress was experimentally manipulated by means of vignettes. Men and women reacted differently when persons with HIV conveyed distress: women reported stronger feelings of pity, whereas men reported stronger feelings of anger. Study 2 ( N = 136) replicated this study in a realistic experimental setting with additional behavioral measures. Similarly, women reported stronger pro-social behavior than men when confronted with a person with HIV who conveyed distress. Results of the present study shed additional light to the self-presentational dilemma of ill persons. Conveying moderate levels of distress may evoke pro-social responses in women, but not in men.",
    keywords = "AIDS, HIV, emotion, stigma, distress, sex differences, AIDS-RELATED STIGMATIZATION, ILL PERSONS, STIGMA, PERSPECTIVE, EXPERIENCE, DISEASE, PEOPLE, GENDER, MODEL, FEAR",
    author = "Bos, {Arjan E. R.} and Dijker, {Anton J. M.} and Willem Koomen",
    year = "2007",
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    language = "English",
    volume = "22",
    pages = "493--511",
    journal = "Psychology & Health",
    issn = "0887-0446",
    publisher = "TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD",
    number = "4",

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    Sex differences in emotional and behavioral responses to HIV plus individuals' expression of distress. / Bos, Arjan E. R.; Dijker, Anton J. M.; Koomen, Willem.

    In: Psychology & Health, Vol. 22, No. 4, 05.2007, p. 493-511.

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in journalAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Sex differences in emotional and behavioral responses to HIV plus individuals' expression of distress

    AU - Bos, Arjan E. R.

    AU - Dijker, Anton J. M.

    AU - Koomen, Willem

    PY - 2007/5

    Y1 - 2007/5

    N2 - Two studies examined the influence of HIV+ individual's expression of distress on perceivers' emotional and behavioral reactions. In Study 1 ( N = 224), HIV+ individual's expression of distress was experimentally manipulated by means of vignettes. Men and women reacted differently when persons with HIV conveyed distress: women reported stronger feelings of pity, whereas men reported stronger feelings of anger. Study 2 ( N = 136) replicated this study in a realistic experimental setting with additional behavioral measures. Similarly, women reported stronger pro-social behavior than men when confronted with a person with HIV who conveyed distress. Results of the present study shed additional light to the self-presentational dilemma of ill persons. Conveying moderate levels of distress may evoke pro-social responses in women, but not in men.

    AB - Two studies examined the influence of HIV+ individual's expression of distress on perceivers' emotional and behavioral reactions. In Study 1 ( N = 224), HIV+ individual's expression of distress was experimentally manipulated by means of vignettes. Men and women reacted differently when persons with HIV conveyed distress: women reported stronger feelings of pity, whereas men reported stronger feelings of anger. Study 2 ( N = 136) replicated this study in a realistic experimental setting with additional behavioral measures. Similarly, women reported stronger pro-social behavior than men when confronted with a person with HIV who conveyed distress. Results of the present study shed additional light to the self-presentational dilemma of ill persons. Conveying moderate levels of distress may evoke pro-social responses in women, but not in men.

    KW - AIDS

    KW - HIV

    KW - emotion

    KW - stigma

    KW - distress

    KW - sex differences

    KW - AIDS-RELATED STIGMATIZATION

    KW - ILL PERSONS

    KW - STIGMA

    KW - PERSPECTIVE

    KW - EXPERIENCE

    KW - DISEASE

    KW - PEOPLE

    KW - GENDER

    KW - MODEL

    KW - FEAR

    U2 - 10.1080/14768320600976257

    DO - 10.1080/14768320600976257

    M3 - Conference article in journal

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    SP - 493

    EP - 511

    JO - Psychology & Health

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    SN - 0887-0446

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    ER -