Vignettes were used to assess the prevalence of goal orientations during adolescence. Adolescent girls more often than boys endorsed mastery or performance-avoidant goals. Work-avoidant and performance-approach goals were more prominent in boys than girls. With age, the frequency of mastery goals decreased whereas work-avoidant goals increased. At age 14-19 years, work-avoidance was more than twice as common in boys.
- goal orientation
- sex differences