Simulations Are No 'One-for-All' Experience: How Participants Vary in Their Development of Self-efficacy for Negotiating

D. Duchatelet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This chapter aims at elucidating that attention should not solely be given to simulations’ final learning outcomes but also to the development of individual learners during the simulation. More specifically, we introduce self-efficacy for negotiating as a relevant learning outcome of simulations of decision-making. This chapter uses data from a 4-day Model United Nations simulation to explore the development of self-efficacy, taking into account participants’ individual characteristics. Results show, on average for the full sample, an increase of self-efficacy for negotiating during the course of the simulation. However, probing more into individual differences among participants, results also point to variation in simulation experience and in how self-efficacy for negotiating develops.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSimulations of Decision-Making as Active Learning Tools
Subtitle of host publicationDesign and Effects of Political Science Simulations
EditorsPeter Bursens, Vincent Donche, David Gijbels, Pieter Spooren
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-74147-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-08926-9
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

SeriesProfessional and Practice-based Learning


  • Higher education
  • Negotiating
  • Political science
  • Self-efficacy
  • Simulation


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