Smart indicators to support the learning interaction cycle

Christian Glahn, Marcus Specht, Rob Koper

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    115 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper focuses on the relevant information for collecting and presenting contextual information, its effects and impact on the learning interaction cycle, and mechanisms of controlling it. The core principle of the learning interaction cycle is the interaction of learners with their learning environment. Previous research highlights that such interaction is important for the experience and progress of learners. However, we identified a conceptual gap between the learner actions within a learning environment and the responses that are provided to the learners. To bridge this gap we adopted a layered model of context-aware systems that meets the requirements for supportive responses. The model has four layers and describes the information processing of interaction footprints of learners in a learning environment: The sensor layer, the semantic layer, the control layer, and the indicator layer. We applied this model to analyse the results as they were reported in the literature.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)98-117
    Number of pages20
    JournalInternational Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • learner support
    • interactive systems
    • learner monitoring
    • information visualisation
    • adaptive systems


    Dive into the research topics of 'Smart indicators to support the learning interaction cycle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this