Social cognitive factors and intention strongest correlates of healthy lifestyle behavior among early cancer survivors.

IM Kanera, C. Bolman, I. Mesters, RA Willems, L. Lechner

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference Abstract/Poster in journal Academicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: While a healthy lifestyle is beneficial for cancer survivors, adherence to recommendations is low. We assessed the contribution of distal (socio-demographic, cancer-related, psychological), and proximal factors (attitude, social support, self-efficacy), and intention in explaining smoking, physical activity, alcohol, fruit, and vegetable consumption. Methods: Cancer survivors (N = 255; 70.7% females; mean age 60.6 years) participated in this cross-sectional survey. Findings: Higher fruit consumption was only correlated with a stronger intention (B=56; R2 = .574). Higher vegetable consumption was correlated with a stronger intention (B=37.22) and longer period after cancer treatment (B=1.06; R2 = .440). Adherence to fruit (54.8%) and vegetable (27.4%) recommendations was lowest of all behaviors and mutual correlation was weak (rs= .24, p < .001). Strongest correlates of other lifestyle behaviors were self-efficacy and attitude. Unhealthy behaviors were correlated with lower adherence to the fruit recommendation. Discussion: Vegetable and fruit consumption are most urgent to change and should be considered as different behaviors. The proximal factors most strongly contributed to explain lifestyle behaviors among cancer survivors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number747
    JournalThe European Health Psychologist
    Volume17
    Issue number2015
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2015
    Event29th Conference of the European Health Psychology Society: Principles of Behaviour Change in Health and Illness - Grand Resort, Limassol, Cyprus
    Duration: 1 Sep 20155 Sep 2015
    http://ehps2015.org/

    Keywords

    • cancer survivors lifestyle social cognitive correlates

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