Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence: a longitudinal general adolescent population study

M. Heins, R. Achterhof*, D. Collip, W. Viechtbauer, O. J. Kirtley, N. Gunther, J. van Os, F. Feron, I. Myin-Germeys

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between subclinical psychotic symptoms and social functioning in a representative general population sample of adolescents.

    Method: Data were derived from a routine general health screening of 1909 adolescents in a circumscribed region. Baseline measurement was in the second grade of secondary school (T0), and follow‐up occurred approximately 2 years later (T1). Social functioning and subclinical psychotic symptoms of hallucinations and delusions were assessed at both time points.

    Results: Baseline (T0) social problems preceded follow‐up (T1) subclinical delusions, but not T1 subclinical hallucinations. Similarly, T0 delusions preceded social problems at T1, but T0 hallucinations did not.

    Conclusion: This longitudinal general population study demonstrated a bidirectional association between social problems and delusions, but found no link between social problems and hallucinations. This may reflect a downward negative spiral where delusional thoughts and social problems reinforce each other.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)275-282
    Number of pages8
    JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
    Volume140
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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