Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence: a longitudinal general adolescent population study

M. Heins, R. Achterhof*, D. Collip, W. Viechtbauer, O. J. Kirtley, N. Gunther, J. van Os, F. Feron, I. Myin-Germeys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between subclinical psychotic symptoms and social functioning in a representative general population sample of adolescents.

Method: Data were derived from a routine general health screening of 1909 adolescents in a circumscribed region. Baseline measurement was in the second grade of secondary school (T0), and follow‐up occurred approximately 2 years later (T1). Social functioning and subclinical psychotic symptoms of hallucinations and delusions were assessed at both time points.

Results: Baseline (T0) social problems preceded follow‐up (T1) subclinical delusions, but not T1 subclinical hallucinations. Similarly, T0 delusions preceded social problems at T1, but T0 hallucinations did not.

Conclusion: This longitudinal general population study demonstrated a bidirectional association between social problems and delusions, but found no link between social problems and hallucinations. This may reflect a downward negative spiral where delusional thoughts and social problems reinforce each other.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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Social Problems
Delusions
Psychotic Disorders
Hallucinations
Population
Health

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Heins, M. ; Achterhof, R. ; Collip, D. ; Viechtbauer, W. ; Kirtley, O. J. ; Gunther, N. ; van Os, J. ; Feron, F. ; Myin-Germeys, I. / Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence : a longitudinal general adolescent population study. In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2019 ; Vol. 140, No. 3. pp. 275-282.
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abstract = "Objectives: To investigate the longitudinal relationship between subclinical psychotic symptoms and social functioning in a representative general population sample of adolescents.Method: Data were derived from a routine general health screening of 1909 adolescents in a circumscribed region. Baseline measurement was in the second grade of secondary school (T0), and follow‐up occurred approximately 2 years later (T1). Social functioning and subclinical psychotic symptoms of hallucinations and delusions were assessed at both time points.Results: Baseline (T0) social problems preceded follow‐up (T1) subclinical delusions, but not T1 subclinical hallucinations. Similarly, T0 delusions preceded social problems at T1, but T0 hallucinations did not.Conclusion: This longitudinal general population study demonstrated a bidirectional association between social problems and delusions, but found no link between social problems and hallucinations. This may reflect a downward negative spiral where delusional thoughts and social problems reinforce each other.",
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Heins, M, Achterhof, R, Collip, D, Viechtbauer, W, Kirtley, OJ, Gunther, N, van Os, J, Feron, F & Myin-Germeys, I 2019, 'Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence: a longitudinal general adolescent population study', Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 140, no. 3, pp. 275-282. https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.13069

Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence : a longitudinal general adolescent population study. / Heins, M.; Achterhof, R.; Collip, D.; Viechtbauer, W.; Kirtley, O. J. ; Gunther, N.; van Os, J.; Feron, F.; Myin-Germeys, I.

In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 140, No. 3, 09.2019, p. 275-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Social functioning and subclinical psychosis in adolescence

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AU - Heins, M.

AU - Achterhof, R.

AU - Collip, D.

AU - Viechtbauer, W.

AU - Kirtley, O. J.

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AU - van Os, J.

AU - Feron, F.

AU - Myin-Germeys, I.

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