Social identity, relative deprivation, and coping with the threat of position loss: a field study among native shopkeepers in Amsterdam

Naomi Ellemers, A.E.R. Bos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study investigates how native shopkeepers in Amsterdam respond to the threat experienced by the emergence of immigrant stores. A survey among 101 native shopkeepers confirmed that psychological, rather than instrumental, considerations play an important role. First, perceptions of fraternal deprivation were relatively independent of the amount of egoistical deprivation people perceived. Instead, the experience of fraternal deprivation was related to people's identification as native shopkeepers. Second, egoistical deprivation resulted in negative perceptions of all other entrepreneurs, regardless of their ethnic origin. Third, regardless of perceived egoistical deprivation, native shopkeepers were more likely to discredit immigrant entrepreneurs, as they thought they were more fraternally deprived.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-2006
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


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