Stigma: Implications for Helping Behavior

John B. Pryor, AER Bos

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


    Stigmas have been recognized throughout history and in all cultures. A stigma represents a form of negative deviance that taints the identity and reputation of a person who bears the mark. It labels the bearer as someone to be avoided. There are four major manifestations of stigma: (i) public stigma, (ii) self-stigma, (iii) stigma by association, and (iv) structural stigma. The authors present an analysis of how each manifestation of stigma is related to prosocial behavior or helping. Their analysis focuses on how perceived stigmas can affect the providing of help and on how they can affect stigmatized persons’ seeking help.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Prosocial Behavior
    EditorsDavid A. Schroeder, William G. Graziano
    Place of PublicationOxford; New York
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Print)9780195399813
    Publication statusPublished - May 2015


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