Stimulating Job Crafting Behaviors of Older Workers: the Influence of Opportunity-Enhancing Human Resource Practices and Psychological Empowerment

Dorien T.a.m. Kooij, Annet H. De Lange, Karina Van De Voorde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Since job crafting behaviour is of profound importance for the retention of older workers, we examined how organizations can stimulate job crafting behaviour among older workers with opportunity-enhancing Human Resource (HR) practices. We introduced three job crafting behaviours: accommodative, utilization, and developmental job crafting. We hypothesized that opportunity-enhancing HR practices increase psychological empowerment among older workers and therefore their job crafting behaviour. We conducted a survey study with two waves among 125 Dutch older workers (65+) affiliated with a temporary employment agency aiming to employ older workers and found that changes in perceptions of opportunity-enhancing HR practices are positively related to changes in psychological empowerment and, in turn, to changes in utilization and developmental crafting behaviours. Unexpectedly, changes in psychological empowerment were not associated with changes in accommodative crafting and changes in opportunity-enhancing HR practices perceptions were not directly associated with changes in job crafting behaviour. With this study, we contribute to the literature on job crafting and human resource management by showing that opportunity-enhancing HR practices influence job crafting behaviour through psychological empowerment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-34
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021

Keywords

  • COMPENSATION
  • FIRM PERFORMANCE
  • MANAGEMENT
  • MODEL
  • MOTIVATION
  • OPTIMIZATION
  • Older workers
  • SELECTION
  • SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY
  • STRATEGIES
  • SYSTEMS
  • job crafting
  • opportunity-enhancing HR practices
  • psychological empowerment

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