Student-centered instruction: Inquiry-, problem-, project-, and case-based learning

Sofie M. M. Loyens, L. Wijnia, Remy M. J. P. Rikers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic


The present chapter aims to shed light on different student-centered approaches commonly found in the research literature. We successively discuss inquiry-based learning, problem-based learning, project-based learning, and case-based learning. Each of the instructional approaches is discussed in the light of the factors that Barrows (1986) put forward: 1) the design of the problem, project, case, question, 2) the level of student/teacher centeredness, and 3) the sequence in which information is acquired. In addition, we briefly describe two relatively newer methods that have emerged, team-based learning and challenge-based learning. These methods combine elements of specific student-centered formats and general beneficial learning strategies
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
EditorsR. J. Tierney, F. Rizvi, K. Erkican
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780128186299
ISBN (Print)9780128186305
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2022


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