The association between subjective job insecurity and job performance across different employment groups: Evidence from a representative sample from the Netherlands

Tinka van Vuuren*, Jeroen P. de Jong, Peter G.W. Smulders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between subjective job insecurity and self-rated job performance, and to assess how this association is different across different employment groups.

Design/methodology/approach: The authors used a data set owned by TNO and Statistics Netherlands of more than 89,000 Dutch workers and self-employed that is a representative sample of the Dutch workforce. The authors included data from 2014 and 2016 assessing subjective job insecurity in terms of “a concern about the future of one’s job/business” and self-rated job performance.

Findings: The effect size of the association between subjective job insecurity and self-rated job performance is small. For temporary agency workers and on-call workers, the association between subjective job insecurity and job performance is weaker compared to permanent workers and fixed-term workers. However for self-employed workers with and without employees, however, the relation between subjective job insecurity and job performance is stronger compared to permanent workers.

Research limitations/implications: The biggest limitation is the cross-sectional design of the study, which limits conclusions about causality.

Practical implications: The finding that subjective job insecurity goes together with less work performance shows that job insecurity has no upside for the productivity of companies.

Originality/value: The study provides a deeper understanding of the relationship between subjective job insecurity and self-rated job performance on a national level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-246
Number of pages18
JournalCareer Development International
Volume25
Issue number3
Early online date26 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Job insecurity
  • Self-employment
  • Job performance
  • Temporary employment

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