Although a long time has passed since the theoretical foundation of experiential learning was proposed, designing experiential learning has proven to remain a challenge. We contribute to this matter by reviewing 31 empirical articles that have provided insights into what this ‘more’ experiential learning could be. Results are systematically compared using three perspectives to distinguish situated and general characteristics. The review highlights three pillars of learning environments that foster experiential learning (Authenticity, Reflection and Collaboration) and learning processes within each pillar. Moreover, the study provides recommendations for future theory building and practical implementation.
- Experiential learning
- instructional design