This paper designs and validates a conceptual and practical model of co-creation wheel showing that the validation of practical model, scientifically and as a practical instrument, supported the importance of the components of the model and suggests slight improvements.
Ehlen, C., van der Klink, M. R., Stoffers, J. M. M., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2017). The Co-Creation-Wheel: A four-dimensional model of collaborative, interorganisational innovation. European Journal of Training and Development, 41(7), 628-646. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-03-2017-0027