The influence of interactive learning materials on solving tasks that require different types of mathematical reasoning

Marija Kaplar, S. Radovic, Kristina Veljković, Ksenija Simic-Muller, Miroslav Maric

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of the Interactive Learning Materials Triangle (iLMT) on the learning and knowledge retention of 12-year- old students. The iLMT is a digital version of the standard school learning materials in Serbia, and is characterized by a high degree of interactivity and immediate feedback during the learning process. We conducted an experiment to explore whether iLMT influences student success in solving mathematical tasks that require different types of mathematical reasoning. Based on previous extensive research by Lithner, 4 types of tasks are discussed: high relatedness answer, high relatedness algorithm, local low relatedness, and global low relatedness. The study involved 633 students and 13 teachers of mathematics, equally distributed in control and test groups. The main findings indicate that student success on a knowledge test for high relatedness answer and local low relatedness tasks for the test group was significantly higher than for the control group. On the knowledge retention test, students in the test group outperformed students in the control group at high relatedness algorithm and local low relatedness tasks. Our results also suggest that, even when learning materials are carefully digitalized with the use of available technological advantages, student success in global low relatedness tasks may still be lacking.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-433
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Issue number2
Early online date26 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Elementary education
  • GeoGebra
  • Interactive learning environments
  • Mathematical reasoning


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