The influence of social support on patients' quality of life after an intensive care unit discharge: A cross-sectional survey

Bram Tilburgs, Marjan D Nijkamp, Esther C Bakker, Hans van der Hoeven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of instrumental, emotional and informative support on the quality of life of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to establish their preferred sources of social support.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: In a cross-sectional survey, former intensive care patients (n=88) completed the "social support interactions/discrepancies list", the "RAND-36 Health Survey" and reported their preferred sources of the different types of social support.

SETTING: A 35 bed intensive care unit in the Radboudumc university hospital in the Netherlands.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological, physical and social domains of quality of life and patient preferences regarding sources of social support.

RESULTS: Instrumental and emotional support show a buffering effect on the physical dimension of the quality of life. The discrepancies between the expected and the received instrumental, informative and emotional support have a negative influence on psychological quality of life. Former ICU patients prefer receiving social support from family members rather than friends, professional caregivers or fellow former ICU patients.

CONCLUSION: This study emphasises the buffering effect of social support on diminished quality of life in former intensive care patients. It is suggested that hospitals provide an intensive care after-care programme including both patients and relatives to help fulfilling this need for social support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-42
Number of pages7
JournalIntensive and Critical Care Nursing
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Social Support
Intensive Care Units
Cross-Sectional Studies
Quality of Life
Critical Care
Psychology
Patient Preference
Interpersonal Relations
Health Surveys
Netherlands
Caregivers

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aftercare/methods
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Critical Care
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Patient Discharge
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult

Cite this

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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of instrumental, emotional and informative support on the quality of life of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to establish their preferred sources of social support.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: In a cross-sectional survey, former intensive care patients (n=88) completed the {"}social support interactions/discrepancies list{"}, the {"}RAND-36 Health Survey{"} and reported their preferred sources of the different types of social support.SETTING: A 35 bed intensive care unit in the Radboudumc university hospital in the Netherlands.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological, physical and social domains of quality of life and patient preferences regarding sources of social support.RESULTS: Instrumental and emotional support show a buffering effect on the physical dimension of the quality of life. The discrepancies between the expected and the received instrumental, informative and emotional support have a negative influence on psychological quality of life. Former ICU patients prefer receiving social support from family members rather than friends, professional caregivers or fellow former ICU patients.CONCLUSION: This study emphasises the buffering effect of social support on diminished quality of life in former intensive care patients. It is suggested that hospitals provide an intensive care after-care programme including both patients and relatives to help fulfilling this need for social support.",
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The influence of social support on patients' quality of life after an intensive care unit discharge : A cross-sectional survey. / Tilburgs, Bram; Nijkamp, Marjan D; Bakker, Esther C; van der Hoeven, Hans.

In: Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, Vol. 31, No. 6, 12.2015, p. 336-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of social support on patients' quality of life after an intensive care unit discharge

T2 - A cross-sectional survey

AU - Tilburgs, Bram

AU - Nijkamp, Marjan D

AU - Bakker, Esther C

AU - van der Hoeven, Hans

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of instrumental, emotional and informative support on the quality of life of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to establish their preferred sources of social support.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: In a cross-sectional survey, former intensive care patients (n=88) completed the "social support interactions/discrepancies list", the "RAND-36 Health Survey" and reported their preferred sources of the different types of social support.SETTING: A 35 bed intensive care unit in the Radboudumc university hospital in the Netherlands.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological, physical and social domains of quality of life and patient preferences regarding sources of social support.RESULTS: Instrumental and emotional support show a buffering effect on the physical dimension of the quality of life. The discrepancies between the expected and the received instrumental, informative and emotional support have a negative influence on psychological quality of life. Former ICU patients prefer receiving social support from family members rather than friends, professional caregivers or fellow former ICU patients.CONCLUSION: This study emphasises the buffering effect of social support on diminished quality of life in former intensive care patients. It is suggested that hospitals provide an intensive care after-care programme including both patients and relatives to help fulfilling this need for social support.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To determine the influence of instrumental, emotional and informative support on the quality of life of former intensive care unit (ICU) patients and to establish their preferred sources of social support.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: In a cross-sectional survey, former intensive care patients (n=88) completed the "social support interactions/discrepancies list", the "RAND-36 Health Survey" and reported their preferred sources of the different types of social support.SETTING: A 35 bed intensive care unit in the Radboudumc university hospital in the Netherlands.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Psychological, physical and social domains of quality of life and patient preferences regarding sources of social support.RESULTS: Instrumental and emotional support show a buffering effect on the physical dimension of the quality of life. The discrepancies between the expected and the received instrumental, informative and emotional support have a negative influence on psychological quality of life. Former ICU patients prefer receiving social support from family members rather than friends, professional caregivers or fellow former ICU patients.CONCLUSION: This study emphasises the buffering effect of social support on diminished quality of life in former intensive care patients. It is suggested that hospitals provide an intensive care after-care programme including both patients and relatives to help fulfilling this need for social support.

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KW - Aftercare/methods

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KW - Aged, 80 and over

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KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Female

KW - Hospitals, University

KW - Humans

KW - Length of Stay

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Netherlands

KW - Patient Discharge

KW - Patient Satisfaction

KW - Quality of Life

KW - Social Support

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Young Adult

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DO - 10.1016/j.iccn.2015.07.002

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VL - 31

SP - 336

EP - 342

JO - Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

JF - Intensive and Critical Care Nursing

SN - 0964-3397

IS - 6

ER -