The Relation Between Living Group Climate, Aggression, and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Delinquent Boys in Detention

EJE Heynen, GHP Van der Helm, MJ Cima, GJJM Stams, AM Korebrits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aggression and callous-unemotional (CU) traits are common problems in incarcerated delinquent youth. The present study was conducted to examine whether living group climate was associated with aggression and CU traits in late adolescent male offenders (N = 156) in a German youth prison. A structural equation model was fitted to the data and showed associations between repression and reactive aggression and CU traits, but no associations between an open and supportive living group climate and aggression and CU traits. Previous research in Dutch youth prisons did not find a relation between repression and aggression, buta relation between a positive living group climate and less aggression. These different findings may reflect differences in the German and Dutch prison system. Implications for practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1701-1718
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


Cite this