The effects of participation in an employee fitness program on reduced absenteeism due to illness on three different worksites (police force, chemical industry, banking) were studied. The study used a longitudinal pretest posttest design. From 884 subjects (response 98%) data were collected on absenteeism in the pre-intervention year and on absenteeism in the first year of the fitness program. The subjects were divided in three groups: high participation, low participation and no participation in the employee fitness program. Results of ANCOVA analyses show that the high participation group had a significant decline in sick days (4.8 days), while the low and no participation groups showed no change in sick days. Even when self-selection in the participation to an employee fitness program seems present, there is potentially a lot to be gained from participation of this self-selected group in terms of changed sick days.
|Journal||Geneeskunde en Sport|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|