The role of transformative leadership, ICT-infrastructure and learning climate in teachers’ use of digital learning materials during their classes

Marjan Vermeulen*, Karel Kreijns, Hans van Buuren, Frederik Van Acker

*Corresponding author for this work

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This study investigated whether the school organizational variables transformative leadership (TL), ICT-infrastructure (technical and social), and organizational learning climate were related to teachers’ dispositional variables attitude, perceived norm, and perceived behavior control (PBC). The direct and indirect influences of these variables on teachers’ intention and use of modern technology such as digital learning materials (DLMs) were also investigated. A longitudinal design was used with three measurements spread out over three years, with 544 randomly selected teachers from the Dutch primary, secondary and vocational education. Model fit was tested using structural equation modeling (SEM). All dispositional variables predicted the use of DLMs, mediated by teachers’ intention. TL had direct and indirect relationships via ICT-infrastructure and learning climate with attitude, perceived norm, and PBC. The longitudinal design proved the chronological effect of TL on learning climate and the dispositional variables. However, not all TL dimensions had relationships with ICT-infrastructure (only TL-vision and TL-intellectual stimulation) and with learning climate (only TL-intellectual stimulation). For educational practice, the results indicated that leadership can promote teachers’ use of DLMs directly and by supporting a school wide learning climate under the condition that an ICT-infrastructure exists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1440
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017



  • digital learning materials
  • transformational leadership
  • integrative model of behavior prediction
  • ICT-infrastructure
  • learning climate

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