The self-initiated work adjustment for learning scale: development and validation

J.M.E. Van Ruysseveldt, Tonnie van Wiggen-Valkenburg, K. van Dam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop the self-initiated work adjustment for learning (SIWAL) scale that measures the adjustments that employees make in their work to enhance learning, based on theories and research on workplace learning, work adjustment and work design. Design/methodology/approach: The SIWAL scale was validated in two independent studies. Study 1 (n = 208) focused on the internal consistency and factor structure of the SIWAL scale. Study 2 (n = 178) re-examined the factorial structure using confirmatory factor analysis and investigated scale validity. Findings: In both studies, the SIWAL scale showed good psychometric characteristics, i.e. a clear two-factorial structure and internal reliable sub-scales. The findings also indicated convergent, divergent and concurrent validity. Research limitations/implications: Using the SIWAL scale, future research could focus on the individual, social and organizational predictors and outcomes of SIWAL, collect supervisor and peer ratings to further validate this self-report scale and investigate lower-educated workers. Practical implications: Organizations might try to enhance their employees' SIWAL through organizational policies, such as supportive leadership, and a learning climate. Originality/value: This study provides a first step toward a better understanding of what workers do to enhance their workplace learning. The study findings indicate that employees address two adaptive behaviors: adjusting job responsibilities and adjusting social interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-504
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number6
Early online date4 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2021


  • Informal learning
  • JOB
  • Job design
  • Work adjustment
  • Workplace learning
  • job crafting


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