Towards a comprehensive framework of social presence for online, hybrid, and blended learning

Karel Kreijns*, Jane Yau, Joshua Weidlich, Armin Weinberger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number1286594
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Education
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Blended learning
  • Construal level theory (CLT)
  • Hybrid learning
  • Impression formation
  • Online learning (CSCL)
  • Social information processing (SIP) theory
  • Social presence
  • Telepresence

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