Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States

Nicolas W. Jager*, Edward Challies, Elisa Kochskaemper, Jens Newig, David Benson, Kirsty Blackstock, Kevin Collins, Anna Ernst, Mariele Evers, Judith Feichtinger, Oliver Fritsch, Geoffrey Gooch, Wiebke Grund, Beatrice Hedelin, Nuria Hernandez-Mora, Frank Hueesker, Dave Huitema, Kenneth Irvine, Andreas Klinke, Leonie Lange & 9 others Delphine Loupsans, Mark Lubell, Carmen Maganda, Piotr Matczak, Marc Pares, Heli Saarikoski, Lenka Slavikova, Sonja van der Arend, Yorck von Korff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires EU member states to produce and implement river basin management plans, which are to be designed and updated via participatory processes that inform, consult with, and actively involve all interested stakeholders. The assumption of the European Commission is that stakeholder participation, and institutional adaptation and procedural innovation to facilitate it, are essential to the effectiveness of river basin planning and, ultimately, the environmental impact of the Directive. We analyzed official documents and the WFD literature to compare implementation of the Directive in EU member states in the initial WFD planning phase (2000-2009). Examining the development of participatory approaches to river basin management planning, we consider the extent of transformation in EU water governance over the period. Employing a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach, we map the implementation "trajectories" of 13 member states, and then provide a detailed examination of shifts in river basin planning and participation in four member states (Germany, Sweden, Poland and France) to illustrate the diversity of institutional approaches observed. We identify a general tendency towards increased, yet circumscribed, stakeholder participation in river basin management in the member states examined, alongside clear continuities in terms of their respective pre-WFD institutional and procedural arrangements. Overall, the WFD has driven a highly uneven shift to river basin-level planning among the member states, and instigated a range of efforts to institutionalize stakeholder involvement-often through the establishment of advisory groups to bring organized stakeholders into the planning process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number156
Number of pages22
JournalWater
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • river basin management
  • participation
  • stakeholder engagement
  • integrated water resources management
  • institutional adaptation
  • mandated participatory planning
  • RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  • IMPLEMENTATION
  • POLICY
  • ARRANGEMENTS
  • INVOLVEMENT
  • ADAPTATION
  • SWEDEN

Cite this

Jager, N. W., Challies, E., Kochskaemper, E., Newig, J., Benson, D., Blackstock, K., ... von Korff, Y. (2016). Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States. Water, 8(4), [156]. https://doi.org/10.3390/w8040156
Jager, Nicolas W. ; Challies, Edward ; Kochskaemper, Elisa ; Newig, Jens ; Benson, David ; Blackstock, Kirsty ; Collins, Kevin ; Ernst, Anna ; Evers, Mariele ; Feichtinger, Judith ; Fritsch, Oliver ; Gooch, Geoffrey ; Grund, Wiebke ; Hedelin, Beatrice ; Hernandez-Mora, Nuria ; Hueesker, Frank ; Huitema, Dave ; Irvine, Kenneth ; Klinke, Andreas ; Lange, Leonie ; Loupsans, Delphine ; Lubell, Mark ; Maganda, Carmen ; Matczak, Piotr ; Pares, Marc ; Saarikoski, Heli ; Slavikova, Lenka ; van der Arend, Sonja ; von Korff, Yorck. / Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States. In: Water. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 4.
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abstract = "The European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires EU member states to produce and implement river basin management plans, which are to be designed and updated via participatory processes that inform, consult with, and actively involve all interested stakeholders. The assumption of the European Commission is that stakeholder participation, and institutional adaptation and procedural innovation to facilitate it, are essential to the effectiveness of river basin planning and, ultimately, the environmental impact of the Directive. We analyzed official documents and the WFD literature to compare implementation of the Directive in EU member states in the initial WFD planning phase (2000-2009). Examining the development of participatory approaches to river basin management planning, we consider the extent of transformation in EU water governance over the period. Employing a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach, we map the implementation {"}trajectories{"} of 13 member states, and then provide a detailed examination of shifts in river basin planning and participation in four member states (Germany, Sweden, Poland and France) to illustrate the diversity of institutional approaches observed. We identify a general tendency towards increased, yet circumscribed, stakeholder participation in river basin management in the member states examined, alongside clear continuities in terms of their respective pre-WFD institutional and procedural arrangements. Overall, the WFD has driven a highly uneven shift to river basin-level planning among the member states, and instigated a range of efforts to institutionalize stakeholder involvement-often through the establishment of advisory groups to bring organized stakeholders into the planning process.",
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author = "Jager, {Nicolas W.} and Edward Challies and Elisa Kochskaemper and Jens Newig and David Benson and Kirsty Blackstock and Kevin Collins and Anna Ernst and Mariele Evers and Judith Feichtinger and Oliver Fritsch and Geoffrey Gooch and Wiebke Grund and Beatrice Hedelin and Nuria Hernandez-Mora and Frank Hueesker and Dave Huitema and Kenneth Irvine and Andreas Klinke and Leonie Lange and Delphine Loupsans and Mark Lubell and Carmen Maganda and Piotr Matczak and Marc Pares and Heli Saarikoski and Lenka Slavikova and {van der Arend}, Sonja and {von Korff}, Yorck",
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Jager, NW, Challies, E, Kochskaemper, E, Newig, J, Benson, D, Blackstock, K, Collins, K, Ernst, A, Evers, M, Feichtinger, J, Fritsch, O, Gooch, G, Grund, W, Hedelin, B, Hernandez-Mora, N, Hueesker, F, Huitema, D, Irvine, K, Klinke, A, Lange, L, Loupsans, D, Lubell, M, Maganda, C, Matczak, P, Pares, M, Saarikoski, H, Slavikova, L, van der Arend, S & von Korff, Y 2016, 'Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States', Water, vol. 8, no. 4, 156. https://doi.org/10.3390/w8040156

Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States. / Jager, Nicolas W.; Challies, Edward; Kochskaemper, Elisa; Newig, Jens; Benson, David; Blackstock, Kirsty; Collins, Kevin; Ernst, Anna; Evers, Mariele; Feichtinger, Judith; Fritsch, Oliver; Gooch, Geoffrey; Grund, Wiebke; Hedelin, Beatrice; Hernandez-Mora, Nuria; Hueesker, Frank; Huitema, Dave; Irvine, Kenneth; Klinke, Andreas; Lange, Leonie; Loupsans, Delphine; Lubell, Mark; Maganda, Carmen; Matczak, Piotr; Pares, Marc; Saarikoski, Heli; Slavikova, Lenka; van der Arend, Sonja; von Korff, Yorck.

In: Water, Vol. 8, No. 4, 156, 04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transforming European Water Governance? Participation and River Basin Management under the EU Water Framework Directive in 13 Member States

AU - Jager, Nicolas W.

AU - Challies, Edward

AU - Kochskaemper, Elisa

AU - Newig, Jens

AU - Benson, David

AU - Blackstock, Kirsty

AU - Collins, Kevin

AU - Ernst, Anna

AU - Evers, Mariele

AU - Feichtinger, Judith

AU - Fritsch, Oliver

AU - Gooch, Geoffrey

AU - Grund, Wiebke

AU - Hedelin, Beatrice

AU - Hernandez-Mora, Nuria

AU - Hueesker, Frank

AU - Huitema, Dave

AU - Irvine, Kenneth

AU - Klinke, Andreas

AU - Lange, Leonie

AU - Loupsans, Delphine

AU - Lubell, Mark

AU - Maganda, Carmen

AU - Matczak, Piotr

AU - Pares, Marc

AU - Saarikoski, Heli

AU - Slavikova, Lenka

AU - van der Arend, Sonja

AU - von Korff, Yorck

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - The European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires EU member states to produce and implement river basin management plans, which are to be designed and updated via participatory processes that inform, consult with, and actively involve all interested stakeholders. The assumption of the European Commission is that stakeholder participation, and institutional adaptation and procedural innovation to facilitate it, are essential to the effectiveness of river basin planning and, ultimately, the environmental impact of the Directive. We analyzed official documents and the WFD literature to compare implementation of the Directive in EU member states in the initial WFD planning phase (2000-2009). Examining the development of participatory approaches to river basin management planning, we consider the extent of transformation in EU water governance over the period. Employing a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach, we map the implementation "trajectories" of 13 member states, and then provide a detailed examination of shifts in river basin planning and participation in four member states (Germany, Sweden, Poland and France) to illustrate the diversity of institutional approaches observed. We identify a general tendency towards increased, yet circumscribed, stakeholder participation in river basin management in the member states examined, alongside clear continuities in terms of their respective pre-WFD institutional and procedural arrangements. Overall, the WFD has driven a highly uneven shift to river basin-level planning among the member states, and instigated a range of efforts to institutionalize stakeholder involvement-often through the establishment of advisory groups to bring organized stakeholders into the planning process.

AB - The European Union (EU) Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires EU member states to produce and implement river basin management plans, which are to be designed and updated via participatory processes that inform, consult with, and actively involve all interested stakeholders. The assumption of the European Commission is that stakeholder participation, and institutional adaptation and procedural innovation to facilitate it, are essential to the effectiveness of river basin planning and, ultimately, the environmental impact of the Directive. We analyzed official documents and the WFD literature to compare implementation of the Directive in EU member states in the initial WFD planning phase (2000-2009). Examining the development of participatory approaches to river basin management planning, we consider the extent of transformation in EU water governance over the period. Employing a mixed quantitative and qualitative approach, we map the implementation "trajectories" of 13 member states, and then provide a detailed examination of shifts in river basin planning and participation in four member states (Germany, Sweden, Poland and France) to illustrate the diversity of institutional approaches observed. We identify a general tendency towards increased, yet circumscribed, stakeholder participation in river basin management in the member states examined, alongside clear continuities in terms of their respective pre-WFD institutional and procedural arrangements. Overall, the WFD has driven a highly uneven shift to river basin-level planning among the member states, and instigated a range of efforts to institutionalize stakeholder involvement-often through the establishment of advisory groups to bring organized stakeholders into the planning process.

KW - river basin management

KW - participation

KW - stakeholder engagement

KW - integrated water resources management

KW - institutional adaptation

KW - mandated participatory planning

KW - RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

KW - IMPLEMENTATION

KW - POLICY

KW - ARRANGEMENTS

KW - INVOLVEMENT

KW - ADAPTATION

KW - SWEDEN

U2 - 10.3390/w8040156

DO - 10.3390/w8040156

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Water

JF - Water

SN - 2073-4441

IS - 4

M1 - 156

ER -