Onder de huid van Zwarte Piet: (Schrik)figuren rond het Sint-Nicolaasfeest in de negentiende eeuw

Translated title of the contribution: Under Black Pete’s skin: Dark figures around the nineteenth-century Feast of Saint Nicholas

I.F. van der Zande, Hanneke Nap, Eelco Kramer, Gonda van den Heuvel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Dutch debate surrounding Black Pete (Zwarte Piet) has become deeply polarized. Proponents as well as opponents of the black assistant of Saint Nicholas base their opinions on his assumed origin. While supporters of Black Pete believe that he originated from pre-Christian traditions, the anti-Black Pete camp is convinced he can be traced back to a world of slavery and racism. This article shows that the present figure of Black Pete is a nineteenth-century amalgamation of different types and traditions. This means that Black Pete can not be reduced to a single, unambiguous meaning. Therefore, the answer to the question concerning his identity and his alleged racist character must be found in his reception rather than his origin.
    Translated title of the contributionUnder Black Pete’s skin: Dark figures around the nineteenth-century Feast of Saint Nicholas
    Original languageDutch
    Article number4
    Pages (from-to)161-187
    Number of pages26
    JournalDe Moderne Tijd
    Volume2
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018

    Keywords

    • Zwarte Piet
    • Sinterklaasfeest
    • Identiteit

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