Onder de huid van Zwarte Piet: (Schrik)figuren rond het Sint-Nicolaasfeest in de negentiende eeuw

Translated title of the contribution: Under Black Pete’s skin: Dark figures around the nineteenth-century Feast of Saint Nicholas

I.F. van der Zande, Hanneke Nap, Eelco Kramer, Gonda van den Heuvel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Dutch debate surrounding Black Pete (Zwarte Piet) has become deeply polarized. Proponents as well as opponents of the black assistant of Saint Nicholas base their opinions on his assumed origin. While supporters of Black Pete believe that he originated from pre-Christian traditions, the anti-Black Pete camp is convinced he can be traced back to a world of slavery and racism. This article shows that the present figure of Black Pete is a nineteenth-century amalgamation of different types and traditions. This means that Black Pete can not be reduced to a single, unambiguous meaning. Therefore, the answer to the question concerning his identity and his alleged racist character must be found in his reception rather than his origin.
Original languageDutch
Article number4
Pages (from-to)161-187
Number of pages26
JournalDe Moderne Tijd
Volume2
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Slavery
Supporters
Opponents
Feast
Reception
Racist
Racism
Amalgamation
Christian Tradition

Keywords

  • Zwarte Piet
  • Sinterklaasfeest
  • Identiteit

Cite this

@article{b43bfad75f964b6285b6b05f5e74259e,
title = "Onder de huid van Zwarte Piet: (Schrik)figuren rond het Sint-Nicolaasfeest in de negentiende eeuw",
abstract = "The Dutch debate surrounding Black Pete (Zwarte Piet) has become deeply polarized. Proponents as well as opponents of the black assistant of Saint Nicholas base their opinions on his assumed origin. While supporters of Black Pete believe that he originated from pre-Christian traditions, the anti-Black Pete camp is convinced he can be traced back to a world of slavery and racism. This article shows that the present figure of Black Pete is a nineteenth-century amalgamation of different types and traditions. This means that Black Pete can not be reduced to a single, unambiguous meaning. Therefore, the answer to the question concerning his identity and his alleged racist character must be found in his reception rather than his origin.",
keywords = "Zwarte Piet, Sinterklaasfeest, Identiteit",
author = "{van der Zande}, I.F. and Hanneke Nap and Eelco Kramer and {van den Heuvel}, Gonda",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "15",
language = "Dutch",
volume = "2",
pages = "161--187",
journal = "De Moderne Tijd",
issn = "2588-8277",
publisher = "Uitgeverij Verloren",
number = "2",

}

Onder de huid van Zwarte Piet : (Schrik)figuren rond het Sint-Nicolaasfeest in de negentiende eeuw. / van der Zande, I.F.; Nap, Hanneke; Kramer, Eelco; van den Heuvel, Gonda .

In: De Moderne Tijd, Vol. 2, No. 2, 4, 15.12.2018, p. 161-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Onder de huid van Zwarte Piet

T2 - (Schrik)figuren rond het Sint-Nicolaasfeest in de negentiende eeuw

AU - van der Zande, I.F.

AU - Nap, Hanneke

AU - Kramer, Eelco

AU - van den Heuvel, Gonda

PY - 2018/12/15

Y1 - 2018/12/15

N2 - The Dutch debate surrounding Black Pete (Zwarte Piet) has become deeply polarized. Proponents as well as opponents of the black assistant of Saint Nicholas base their opinions on his assumed origin. While supporters of Black Pete believe that he originated from pre-Christian traditions, the anti-Black Pete camp is convinced he can be traced back to a world of slavery and racism. This article shows that the present figure of Black Pete is a nineteenth-century amalgamation of different types and traditions. This means that Black Pete can not be reduced to a single, unambiguous meaning. Therefore, the answer to the question concerning his identity and his alleged racist character must be found in his reception rather than his origin.

AB - The Dutch debate surrounding Black Pete (Zwarte Piet) has become deeply polarized. Proponents as well as opponents of the black assistant of Saint Nicholas base their opinions on his assumed origin. While supporters of Black Pete believe that he originated from pre-Christian traditions, the anti-Black Pete camp is convinced he can be traced back to a world of slavery and racism. This article shows that the present figure of Black Pete is a nineteenth-century amalgamation of different types and traditions. This means that Black Pete can not be reduced to a single, unambiguous meaning. Therefore, the answer to the question concerning his identity and his alleged racist character must be found in his reception rather than his origin.

KW - Zwarte Piet

KW - Sinterklaasfeest

KW - Identiteit

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 161

EP - 187

JO - De Moderne Tijd

JF - De Moderne Tijd

SN - 2588-8277

IS - 2

M1 - 4

ER -