Usefulness of Social Network Sites for Adolescents' Development of Online Career Skills

Mariëlle Rutten*, Anje Ros, Marinka Kuijpers, Karel Kreijns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Schools have an important role in teaching students how to use Social Network Site (SNS) for career purposes. This involves the opportunity for students to practice online career skills. Different types of digital environments are available for schools. There are SNS designed to enable users to interact and network. In addition there are digital environments - like Virtual Learning Environments (VLE's) - designed to support learning processes but with possibilities to network and interact as well. Little is known about how characteristics of these environments may support the development of online career skills. In this study the suitability of four digital environments - two SNS and two VLE's- to practice online career skills was investigated. The concept of affordances was used to relate the characteristics of the digital environments to how they may stimulate the practice of online career skills. Based on this concept a framework was developed to analyse the characteristics of each environment. In addition, these results were compared with the actual use of the SNS by students. The results show that, although the two SNS appear to offer a stronger environment for practicing online career skills, students do not show more online career behaviour in these environments. Implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-150
JournalEducational Technology & Society Journal
Volume19
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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social network
career
adolescent
student
school
learning process
Teaching

Keywords

  • Social Network Site
  • career skills
  • digital environment

Cite this

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title = "Usefulness of Social Network Sites for Adolescents' Development of Online Career Skills",
abstract = "Schools have an important role in teaching students how to use Social Network Site (SNS) for career purposes. This involves the opportunity for students to practice online career skills. Different types of digital environments are available for schools. There are SNS designed to enable users to interact and network. In addition there are digital environments - like Virtual Learning Environments (VLE's) - designed to support learning processes but with possibilities to network and interact as well. Little is known about how characteristics of these environments may support the development of online career skills. In this study the suitability of four digital environments - two SNS and two VLE's- to practice online career skills was investigated. The concept of affordances was used to relate the characteristics of the digital environments to how they may stimulate the practice of online career skills. Based on this concept a framework was developed to analyse the characteristics of each environment. In addition, these results were compared with the actual use of the SNS by students. The results show that, although the two SNS appear to offer a stronger environment for practicing online career skills, students do not show more online career behaviour in these environments. Implications are discussed.",
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Usefulness of Social Network Sites for Adolescents' Development of Online Career Skills. / Rutten, Mariëlle; Ros, Anje; Kuijpers, Marinka; Kreijns, Karel.

In: Educational Technology & Society Journal, Vol. 19, No. 4, 10.2016, p. 140-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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